Fermentation Mode of Chicken Manure Organic Fertilizer Manufacturing Process

Organic fertilizer, commonly known as farm manure, consists of various animal, plant residues or metabolites, such as human and animal manure, straw, animal residues, slaughterhouse waste, etc. Carbon-containing materials, mainly from plants and animals, are applied to the soil to provide plant nutrition as its main function. It not only provides comprehensive nutrition for crops, but also has long fertilizer efficiency. It can increase and renew soil organic matter, promote microbial reproduction, improve soil physical and chemical properties and biological activity. It is the main nutrient in green food production.

The production of organic fertilizer must go through composting fermentation process. Composting is a process in which organic matter is continuously degraded and stabilized by microorganisms under certain conditions, and a product suitable for land use is produced.

Site selection

The site should be flat, near the water source and sunny from the leeward. It does not pollute the environment and is easy to provide water.

windrow turner

Chicken Manure Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Mode

  1. Store the materials and add the bacteria proportionally. Water content should be controlled at 60%-70%. Fermentation of less water is slow and aeration of more water is poor. Oxygen deficiency will corrupt and produce odor.
  2. The start-up temperature is better than 15℃ (can be operated in four seasons, not affected by season, fermentation in indoor or greenhouse in winter as far as possible), and the fermentation temperature should be controlled between 60 ~65℃.
  3. Fermentation of organic fertilizer needs oxygen consumption fermentation. In the process of operation, oxygen supply measures should be increased so as to mix well, turn over frequently and ventilate properly. The windrow turnercan work accurately to meet the requirements, it’s an important equipment of fertilizer fermention. Windrow compost turning machine has the advantage of high efficiency, smooth operation, strong and durable, even turning throw.
  4. Fermentation

Warming-up stage: generally only one day is needed from room temperature to 50℃.

High temperature stage: generally only 2 days from 50-70℃.

Cooling stage: from high temperature to below 50℃, generally about two weeks. The temperature began to drop to normal temperature, indicating that the fermentation was completed.

FAQ of Organic Fertilizer Fermentation:

  1. Slow warming: no or slow warming of the reactor

Material is too wet, too dry, there is not enough nitrogen source, and the pH is too low.

  1. Heap temperature is too high: during fermentation, the heap temperature is more than 65℃.

Poor permeability.

  1. Odor: The odor of rotten eggs or rotten eggs is emitted from the stack.

Ammonia content is too high, material stacking is too dense.

After being processed by the chicken manure organic fertilizer production equipment, these organic fertilizers can be sold. Huaqiang fertilizer machine manufacturer supply professional organic fertilizer production line, and a series comprehensive service.

Fermentation Mode of Chicken Manure Organic Fertilizer Manufacturing Process

Organic fertilizer, commonly known as farm manure, consists of various animal, plant residues or metabolites, such as human and animal manure, straw, animal residues, slaughterhouse waste, etc. Carbon-containing materials, mainly from plants and animals, are applied to the soil to provide plant nutrition as its main function. It not only provides comprehensive nutrition for crops, but also has long fertilizer efficiency. It can increase and renew soil organic matter, promote microbial reproduction, improve soil physical and chemical properties and biological activity. It is the main nutrient in green food production.

The production of organic fertilizer must go through composting fermentation process. Composting is a process in which organic matter is continuously degraded and stabilized by microorganisms under certain conditions, and a product suitable for land use is produced.

 

Site selection

The site should be flat, near the water source and sunny from the leeward. It does not pollute the environment and is easy to provide water.

windrow turner

Chicken Manure Organic Fertilizer Fermentation Mode

  1. Store the materials and add the bacteria proportionally. Water content should be controlled at 60%-70%. Fermentation of less water is slow and aeration of more water is poor. Oxygen deficiency will corrupt and produce odor.

 

  1. The start-up temperature is better than 15℃ (can be operated in four seasons, not affected by season, fermentation in indoor or greenhouse in winter as far as possible), and the fermentation temperature should be controlled between 60 ~65℃.

 

  1. Fermentation of organic fertilizer needs oxygen consumption fermentation. In the process of operation, oxygen supply measures should be increased so as to mix well, turn over frequently and ventilate properly. The windrow turnercan work accurately to meet the requirements, it’s an important equipment of fertilizer fermention. Windrow compost turning machine has the advantage of high efficiency, smooth operation, strong and durable, even turning throw.
  2. Fermentation

Warming-up stage: generally only one day is needed from room temperature to 50℃.

High temperature stage: generally only 2 days from 50-70℃.

Cooling stage: from high temperature to below 50℃, generally about two weeks. The temperature began to drop to normal temperature, indicating that the fermentation was completed.

 

FAQ of Organic Fertilizer Fermentation:

  1. Slow warming: no or slow warming of the reactor

Material is too wet, too dry, there is not enough nitrogen source, and the pH is too low.

 

  1. Heap temperature is too high: during fermentation, the heap temperature is more than 65℃.

Poor permeability.

 

  1. Odor: The odor of rotten eggs or rotten eggs is emitted from the stack.

Ammonia content is too high, material stacking is too dense.

 

After being processed by the chicken manure organic fertilizer production equipment, these organic fertilizers can be sold. Huaqiang fertilizer machine manufacturer supply professional organic fertilizer production line, and a series comprehensive service.

 

 

Material fermentation crawler windrow turner

Crawler windrow turner is a kind of industrial organic fertilizer production machine, which has the advantages of low investment, low energy consumption, fast fertilizer production and large output. Crawler type windrow turner is an ideal equipment to use modern technology to transform agricultural waste, stored manure and organic domestic waste into high-quality bio organic fertilizer.

Material fermentation crawler windrow turner
working principle:

The crawler windrow turner is the main organic fertilizer machine in the complete set of equipment for the production of biofertilizer project. It adopts the design of four-wheel walking, which can move forward, backward and turn, and is operated and driven by one person. During driving, the whole vehicle is mounted on the long strip fertilizer machine before being piled up. The rotating knife hung under the machine is used to mix, fluff and move the raw materials of the fertilizer machine. After passing the car, a new strip pile is formed, which can be operated in the open field or in the workshop shed.

A major technological breakthrough of the machine is to integrate the crushing function of the material in the later stage of fermentation. With the gradual dehydration of materials, the knife equipped with crushing device can effectively crush the plates formed in the fermentation process of fertilizer, which not only saves a crusher, but also greatly improves the crushing efficiency, reduces the cost, and fundamentally solves the problem of the restriction of the production capacity crusher.

Main features:
  1. The crawler type windrow turner is the advantage of Zhengzhou Tianci Heavy Industry Machinery Co., Ltd. in adopting a number of mature models of developed and similar finished products.
    It has the features of compact design, simple operation, saving working space and making full use of space.
  2. Adopt advanced transmission technology of construction machinery, so that there is no loss between energy conversion.
  3. The components are connected to each other and can be adjusted separately.
  4. Normal operation and attention to maintenance use the machine is zero fault. It saves a lot of civil engineering, manpower and material resources, and makes the scale of fertilizer more flexible.

 

How to Make Organic Fertilizer by Feces Composting

Fecal composting organic fertilizer manufacturing process is to adjust the carbon-nitrogen ratio in the manure of the livestock and poultry by turning machine, manually controlling the conditions of water, temperature, pH and the like, and treating the manure of the livestock and poultry by the fermentation of the microorganisms to produce organic fertilizer.

 

I. Major organic fertilizer production equipmentfor composting

The composting process requires a large number of organic fertilizer processing equipment.

(1). Pre-treatment equipment: mainly include stockyard, unloading platform, feeding door, loading machinery, transport machinery and so on.

(2). Composting equipment: mainly trough compost turning machine, windrow turner machine, fermentation tank.

(3). Fertilizer granulator machine : mainly drum granulator, disc granulator, flat-die extrusion pelleting machine, organic fertilizer granulator, ring-die pelleting machine.

(4). Screening and packaging equipment: mainly drum screener, fertilizer packing machine.

organic fertilizer production equipment

 

II. Main Technical Parameters of composting

(1). C/N ratio: C/N balance of compost mixture is the key factor for microorganisms to achieve better biological activity. The C/N ratio of compost mixture should be kept at 25-35:1.

 

(2). Humidity: Aerobic composting should generally be maintained at 40-70%.

 

(3). Acidity and alkalinity: Acidity and alkalinity vary with the types of compost mixtures and different stages of composting process. Normally, they need not be regulated. If they need to be regulated, they can be regulated by adding alkaline or acidic substances to the mixture before the beginning of composting degradation.

 

(4). Other design parameters: Rectangular fermentation stacking composting mode, the windrow turner should be used regularly to turn the pile, so that the temperature is kept below 75℃, and the turning frequency is 2-10 days/time. The width and depth of rectangular stacks are limited only by the overturning equipment. The stacks are generally 1.2-1.8 meters deep and 1.8-3 meters wide. The height of the compost is usually 2.5-4.5 meters, and the width is usually twice the depth. Fermentation tank composting, need to build fermentation tank, fermentation tank length is unlimited.

 

III. Matters needing attention in composting

(1). Composting time: Composting time varies with C/N ratio, humidity, weather conditions, type of composting operation and management, waste and additives. The composting time of well-managed strip-cutting fermentation compost in summer is generally 14-30 days.

(2). Temperature: We should pay attention to the monitoring of composting temperature. The composting temperature should exceed 55℃, so as to be conducive to microbial fermentation and kill pathogens.

(3). Humidity: Pay attention to monitoring the humidity of compost mixture periodically. Excessive or low humidity will reduce or stop the composting speed.

(4). Odor: Odor is a good indicator of composting operation stage. Decay odor may mean that compost is changed from aerobic to anaerobic.