Common problems of NPK compound fertilizer production

NPK compound fertilizer is synthesized from chemical raw materials needed by various plants. NPK fertilizer has played a significant role in increasing production and income of agricultural production. So what are the common problems in the NPK fertilizer production process and what needs to be known about the equipment for the production of NPK fertilizer?


  1. Specialized NPK fertilizer production equipment is naturally used for fertilizer production, but due to the nature of compound fertilizer itself, fertilizer equipment is easy to be corroded, and some frequently used equipment has been seriously corroded in less than a year. Normal loss is inevitable, but necessary equipment maintenance can prolong the service life of fertilizer processing equipment.


  1. When crushing raw materials, we should try our best to ensure that there are no large hard blocks in the raw materials. In the compound fertilizer raw materials, if there are stones or even iron blocks, it will cause serious damage to the high-speed rotating mill rotor. Only by ensuring that the raw materials are clean and free of impurities can the equipment of fertilizer production process not be affected.


  1. Mechanical equipment relies on motor and reducer to obtain power source. Periodically adding lubricating oil to fertilizer granulator machinecan better ensure their operation. There are many types of lubricating oil, so we should choose suitable grease according to the principle of climate and mechanical transmission. For example, in cold areas and hot and humid environment, it is necessary to select the appropriate lubricant to ensure better operation of the equipment. In addition, when filling oil, control the amount of oil, so as not to affect the effect too little, or too much waste.


  1. Different equipments have different productivity. We should use the equipments reasonably according to their productivity. For example, in the compounding stage of fertilizer manufacturing process, forklift trucks should be allowed to drop materials slowly when feeding into silos, so as not to damage the equipment. When mixing, the raw materials should not be too full, and materials should be added after the start of the mixer, in order to avoid equipment damage due to excessive stirring resistance.

NPK fertilizer production process

In short, there are many details about the production of NPK fertilizer. Only by maintaining the fertilizer production equipment can they work better and bring us more benefits.


The working principle of the disc granulator in the fertilizer production line

The disc granulator machine is mainly used in the NPK fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production line to produce various granular products; it’s also used in pharmaceutical products, fertilizers, feeds, etc. Adopting the overall arc structure, the granulation rate can reach above 93%. The granulation tray has three discharge ports, which facilitates intermittent production operations, greatly reduces labor intensity and improves labor efficiency.

disc granulator machine

Disc fertilizer granulator machine working principle:
The raw meal powder is uniformly wetted by the atomized water in the mixer to form a spherical core having a uniform particle size, and then fed into a ball plate for ball formation. The moisture of the ball should be controlled at 12-14%. Most of the water should be added in the twin-shaft mixer. Only a small amount of supplementary water is added to the ball plate, and the amount of water added is controlled to be about 0 to 3%. The dry powder granulation is directly added to the ball-forming plate, and the proper amount of water is sprayed. The raw material nucleus enters the spherical disk and is subjected to centrifugal force, friction and gravity in the disk, and moves along the parabola. Due to the cohesiveness and plasticity of the material, the cores are bonded to each other and gradually grow up during the movement. When the inclination angle of the ball disc, the height of the disc edge, the rotation speed and the moisture are constant, the balls of different particle sizes roll downward from the edge of the disc at different disengagement angles due to different gravity. During the continuous rolling process, the ball continuously discharges the water in the ball out of the surface. Due to the cohesiveness of the material and the natural volatilization of the surface liquid film, the ball has certain strength, and then the disk is rotated with the tilting of the disk. The sides are discharged out of the pan.

Disc granulator performance advantages:
1. The raw materials are suitable for a wide range of applications. They can be used for granulation of various raw materials such as compound fertilizer, medicine, chemical feed, coal, metallurgy, etc., and can produce various concentrations and various types (including organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, and magnetic fertilizer etc.) of compound fertilizer.
2. The disc granulator is light in weight, low in height, and flexible in process;
3. The machine has simple structure, convenient adjustment and superior performance.
4. The use of unique unpowered combination scraper integration reduces auxiliary power consumption.

5, high ball formation rate, large rounded particle strength, intuitive operation, easy maintenance and so on.

Fertilizer granulator machine is the core equipment for fertilizer manufacturing process. As one of leading fertilizer machine manufacturers in China, in addition to the disc granulator, we also produce other types of fertilizer granulator machines, and other equipment such as compost turning machines, mixer machine, crusher machine, etc.

Other article for your reference:Chicken manure organic fertilizer production line

Production Advantage of NPK Compound Fertilizer with Double Roller Granulator

NPK compound fertilizer production mainly deals with raw materials in the state of powder, bulk, solution and molten liquid to produce particles with certain shape and size. Fertilizer granulator machine is an important equipment for compound fertilizer processing. Generally speaking, many parameters of fertilizer granulator can be adjusted, so it can adapt to a large range of raw materials.


Although many conventional compound fertilizer equipments still use wet granulation process to produce spherical pellet fertilizer, extrusion granulation process has many advantages, among which the most important is: low energy consumption of roller granulator NPK fertilizer production process, no need for liquid binder in granulation, many kinds of raw materials can be used, and the composition of raw materials is flexible. The function of roller fertilizer granulator is applicable to a wide range of large or small devices. Therefore, extrusion granulation NPK fertilizer production process has attracted more and more interest. Many fertilizer factories are considering dry extrusion NPK fertilizer production granulation process in construction.

In dry roller granulator equipment, the powder is applied force and compacted between two pairs of rollers. As with powder material, the quality requirement of roller granulator is reasonable formula, all kinds of components are complete and mixed evenly.In addition, the quality of particles produced by the double roller fertilizer granulator has the following two indicators:


  1. Hardness

Generally speaking, manufacturers usually want the particles to be harder. But whether from the point of view of use effect or manufacturing cost, it can not be said that the harder the better. The particle hardness produced by the double roller fertilizer granulator can be measured by the particle hardness meter and expressed by the pressure. According to the variety of materials, it is generally 0.06-0-12 MPa.


  1. Powdered rate

The method of determining the pulverization rate is to put a certain number of finished granules in a special pulverization rate measuring instrument, and turn them over at a prescribed speed in a prescribed time, and then determine the proportion of the powder transformed from granules in all materials. Generally, the powdered rate should not exceed 10% and the quality product should not exceed 5%.

Economic Benefit of Producing Slow-acting NPK Complex Fertilizer

Because of the low utilization rate of chemical fertilizer, people try to make a slow-release and high-utilization fertilizer to meet the demand of nitrogen in different growth stages of crops, reduce the loss of nitrogen leaching and volatilization, reduce the fixation of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers in the soil, so that the fertilizer can supply nutrients according to the requirement of crop fertilizer. The available CaO, MgO, SiO 2 and various trace elements in fertilizers are also good soil amendments. The coated NPK fertilizer manufacturing process can produce suitable fertilizer products.


Slow release coated fertilizer manufacturing process

NPK Fertilizer Production Process

According to the sustainable development of agriculture and the demand of improving fertilizer utilization rate, Zhengzhou Tianci Fertilizer Machine Manufacturer has developed a slow-acting, high-utility coated complex fertilizer manufacturing process. The fertilizer manufacturing process is based on the instant granular fertilizer as the core, one or more slow-release plant nutrients as the coating, inorganic acid complex, slow solvent and other binders to wrap water-soluble fertilizer, forming a complex fertilizer with both quick-acting and slow-acting components. We provide fertilizer manufacturing process including fertilizer granulator machine, pulverizer, rotary dryers, coolers, drum screening machines, coating machines, packing machines and other equipment. The whole set of fertilizer production equipment can complete the processing and coating of the particles of the complex fertilizer, so that the fertilizer has high utilization rate in the soil.


Benefits of NPK Fertilizer Production Process

In the process of fertilizer production, the structure and composition of cladding layer can be adjusted to control the release rate of nutrients so as to reduce leaching loss and improve the utilization rate of fertilizers. This fertilizer product not only has the characteristics of slowly releasing nutrients, but also can meet the needs of nutrients for the whole growth period of crops and the ratio of nutrient utilization rate by one basal application. Conventional quick-acting fertilizer increased by 10-30 percentage points, the utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer could reach 50%-70%, and the amount of fertilizer used could be reduced by 10%-40%. Due to the remarkable economic and social benefits of slow-acting and high-utilization wrapped complex fertilizer, and in line with the direction of fertilizer development, it is worth vigorously promoting.