The working principle of the disc granulator in the fertilizer production line

The disc granulator machine is mainly used in the NPK fertilizer production line and organic fertilizer production line to produce various granular products; it’s also used in pharmaceutical products, fertilizers, feeds, etc. Adopting the overall arc structure, the granulation rate can reach above 93%. The granulation tray has three discharge ports, which facilitates intermittent production operations, greatly reduces labor intensity and improves labor efficiency.

disc granulator machine

Disc fertilizer granulator machine working principle:
The raw meal powder is uniformly wetted by the atomized water in the mixer to form a spherical core having a uniform particle size, and then fed into a ball plate for ball formation. The moisture of the ball should be controlled at 12-14%. Most of the water should be added in the twin-shaft mixer. Only a small amount of supplementary water is added to the ball plate, and the amount of water added is controlled to be about 0 to 3%. The dry powder granulation is directly added to the ball-forming plate, and the proper amount of water is sprayed. The raw material nucleus enters the spherical disk and is subjected to centrifugal force, friction and gravity in the disk, and moves along the parabola. Due to the cohesiveness and plasticity of the material, the cores are bonded to each other and gradually grow up during the movement. When the inclination angle of the ball disc, the height of the disc edge, the rotation speed and the moisture are constant, the balls of different particle sizes roll downward from the edge of the disc at different disengagement angles due to different gravity. During the continuous rolling process, the ball continuously discharges the water in the ball out of the surface. Due to the cohesiveness of the material and the natural volatilization of the surface liquid film, the ball has certain strength, and then the disk is rotated with the tilting of the disk. The sides are discharged out of the pan.

Disc granulator performance advantages:
1. The raw materials are suitable for a wide range of applications. They can be used for granulation of various raw materials such as compound fertilizer, medicine, chemical feed, coal, metallurgy, etc., and can produce various concentrations and various types (including organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, and magnetic fertilizer etc.) of compound fertilizer.
2. The disc granulator is light in weight, low in height, and flexible in process;
3. The machine has simple structure, convenient adjustment and superior performance.
4. The use of unique unpowered combination scraper integration reduces auxiliary power consumption.

5, high ball formation rate, large rounded particle strength, intuitive operation, easy maintenance and so on.

Fertilizer granulator machine is the core equipment for fertilizer manufacturing process. As one of leading fertilizer machine manufacturers in China, in addition to the disc granulator, we also produce other types of fertilizer granulator machines, and other equipment such as compost turning machines, mixer machine, crusher machine, etc.

Other article for your reference:Chicken manure organic fertilizer production line

NPK fertilizer manufacturing process

In this article,brief introduction of complete equipment and process of compound fertilizer production line of Zhengzhou Huaqiang Heavy Industry Technology Co.Ltd.The npk fertilizer manufacturing process production of compound fertilizer is the general process of compound fertilizer production,which is of great significance for users to incest and fully understand the production of compound fertilizer.

npk fertilizer manufacturing process
The fertilizer manufacturing process of npk,compound fertilizer is roughly as follows:raw material proportioning,mixing,and stirring,agglomeration and crushing,material granulation,primary screening,particle drying,particle cooling,secondary grading of particles,coating of finished particles,quantitative packaging of finished particles,etc.
The following is a detailed introduction to each link of the production process of npk, compound fertilizer and in different producing parts it is equipped with different type fertilizer equipment:
The production process of npk,compound fertilizer includes raw material promoting,mixing,crushing and agglomeration,granulation,primary screening,particle,drying,particle cooling,secondary screening,particle coating of finished products and quantitative packaging of finished products.
NPK fertilizer manufacturing process

1.Raw materia ingredients:generally the raw materials can be the urea,ammonium nitrate,ammonium chloride,ammonium sulfate,potassium chloride and other raw materials can be selected and prepared in a certain proportion.
2.Mixing parts:Minx the prepared raw materials evenly to improve the overall uniform fertilizer efficiency content of the fertilizer particles,and use the horizontal mixer or disc mixer to mix the raw materials.
3.Agglomerate crushing:the raw materials with uniform mixture are crushed to facilitate the subsequent granulation processing,mainly using chain crusher,etc.
4.Material granulation:evenly stirred and crushed materials are sent to the granulator by belt conveyor for fertilizer granulator machine(drum granulator,disc granulator and roller press granulator can be used),which is an essential and most important step in the production process of compound fertilizer.
5.Primary screening:preliminary screening of semi-finished particles.Unqualified particles are returned to the mixing and mining link for reprocessing.Generally,roller screener is used to sceeen the granulator.
6.Particle drying:the particles made by the granulator and screned by the first stage are sent to the dryer to dry the moisture contained in the particles,so as to increase the particle strength and facilitate the storage.Generally,the rotary dryer is used in the fertilizer manufacturing process.Sometimes,the series of fertilizer dryer is also equipped in the organic fertilizer production line.
7.Particle cooling:the dried fertilizer particles are easy to agglomerate due to their high temperature.After cooling,they are easy yo be stored and transported in bags and stored by a cooler.
8.Secondary grading of particles:The cooled particles are graded,the unqualified particles are crushed and regranulated,and the qualified products are screened out,which can be screened by the secondary drum screener machine.
9.Finsihed paticle coating:coating the qualified products to increase the brightness and roundness of the particles,so as to make the appearance more beautiful.Generally,the coating machine is used for coating.
10.Quantitative packaging of finished particles:the coated particles,which is to easy,the finished particles are sent to the silo by the belt conveyor for temporary srotage,and then connected to the electronic quantitative packaging scale,sewing machine and other automatic quantitative packaging and sealing bags,placed in the ventilation place for storage,so as to realize full automation.

Then production process of compound fertilizer is simple,the production process of npk, compound fertilizer production line is small,the floor area is small,the operation is simple,and the technical requirements are not high.